B.A. (1958) English and Art History, Lindenwood College, St. Charles, Missouri Ph.D. (1962), John H. Edwards Fellow, Comparative Studies (History of Ideas under H.J. Muller; History and Philosophy of Science under N.R. Hanson), Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Postdoctoral Training: SOAS, University of London (1963-65; 1978-79) Research Fellow, Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, London (1979-89) under E.C. Clarke; R.A. Hall; Honorary Research Fellow , Center for Neuroscience, University College London (1978-89).
Her teaching provides and historical perspective on the health sciences, clinical practice, and the rise of bioethics; and integrates cognitive neuroscience and the visual arts to help promote observational, critical, and perceptual skills of future physicians.
Her research interests are in the history of visual neuroscience & optics, the rise of empiricism, cultural transmission of scientific ideas with specific emphasis on the Arabic sources of the Renaissance and the seventeenth century.
Russell GA (2010). "Central and Peripheral Vision in Ibn al-Haytham's Book of Optics: Some Key Experiments," Abstracts (Annual meeting of the International Society for the History of Neuroscience, June 15-19, Paris, France).
Russell GA (2010). ”Developments in Neurology After Galen: Late Antiquity and the Islamic World.” In: The History of Neurology. Eds. Stanley Finger, François Boller, Kenneth Tyler. Elsevier. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Vol. III, 3rd series, chap. vi, pp. 61-77.
Russell GA (2010): Ibn Tufayl's Hayy Ibn Yaqzan and Locke's Essay: Further Evidence," Journal of the History of the Neurosciences - Basic and Clinical Perspectives, vol. 19, No. 1 (Jan. - March), pp.53-54.
Russell GA (2008). “The Origins of Point to Point Correspondence in Anatomical Projection Prior to Descartes: Ibn al-Haytham (d. 1040),” Journal of the History of the Neurosciences: Basic and Clinical Perspectives, Vol 17, No. 2 (April-June), pp. 246-47.
Russell, GA (2008): Ibn al - Haytham: Linking the Science of Optics and Visual Perception in a Theory of Image Formation and Seeing," Abstracts (13th Annual Meting of the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences (ISHN) Berlin, Germany, 18 - 22 June), p.36.
Russell, GA (2004): The Horns of a Medical Dilemma: Retrospective Diagnosis of Alexander the Great, Journal of the History of the Neurosciences - Basic and Clinical Perspectives, vol. 13, No. 2 , pp. 157-63.
Russell, GA (2002): "Greek Medicine in Persia." In: Encyclopedia Iranica, ed. E. Yarshater, Center for Iranian Studies, Columbia University, Fasc. 4, No. .X (New York/London: Routledge), pp. 342-357
Russell, GA (2000): “The Optics of Ptolemy: Passions Aroused in the Groves of the Academe," ISIS: An International Journal Devoted to the History of Science and Its Cultural Influences, Vol. 91, No. 3, pp. 554-61.
Russell, G.A. (1996) "The Emergence of Physiological Optics.” In: The Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Sciences, ed. by R. Rashed and R. Morelon (London: Routledge, 3 vols.), Vol. II, pp. 672-716. Translated into French (1997); Arabic (1998).
Russell, G.A. (1994). “The Interest of the Natural Philosophers in 'Arabick' in Seventeenth-Century England (Leiden: E. J. Brill, pp.). Editor and Author with "Seventeenth Century: The Age of Arabic" (pp. 1-19) and "The Impact of the Philosophus autodidactus: the Pocockes, Locke, and the Society of Friends,” pp. 224-66.
C.N.R.S., Paris; University of Cambridge (Corpus Christi); Oxford (Trinity College), Edinburgh; King's College, London; Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam; Free University, Berlin; Dibner Institute/Harvard; Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel, Germany; Oud-Turnhout, Belgium; Royal College of Physicians, Dublin; University of Padua, Italy; University of Istanbul Medical School, Turkey; University of Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, Delhi, India; The Academy of Science, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Carthage, Tunisia; Baylor College of Medicine, Hourston; University of Oklahoma; Kluge Center, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. On teaching: history of science at higher institutions: UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, France; on education physicians, Ohio University Medical School, Columbus, Ohio; Harvard Medical School and Museum of Art.
Includes the Editoral Board, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP), subject editor (2005 - present); the Executive Board, International Society for the History of Neuroscience (2006-2007; Awards Committee: 2010); the International Union of the History of Science and Philosophy as Commission President (2001-2005) and Vice-President (1997-2001); the Executive Council (1989-2001), the Société Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences et de la Philosophie Arabes et Islamiques, and as founding editor of SIHSPAI (1990-2001).
She is also adjunct Professor in the Department of Philosophy (1996-present), College of Liberal ARts (TAMU).